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Mr. Rodrigues working with a student on applications.

Grade 11 Academics

As Grade 10 students contemplate life in Grade 11, a common theme for them is uncertainty. Many students are uncertain about what their post-secondary plans might be. Hopefully they have developed a sense of what subjects they enjoy and know the ones in which they have experienced success. Those are the subjects that should be at the centre of a student’s academic program in Grade 11 as it will foster success and confidence as they move on into Grade 12.

A student’s academic program in Grade 11 must be made with their potential post-secondary plans in mind. Again, as there is likely to be a degree of uncertainty to those plans, keeping practical options open is the best approach. Note the key word: practical. If a student is getting 60% in Math 10 and does not particularly like the subject, for example, the choice of Pre-Calculus 11 would not be practical nor recommended! Keeping options open might seem like the right course of action but can do a disservice to a student, putting them into classes that they do not enjoy.

If students have a good sense of potential post-secondary plans, then ensuring that their Grade 11 program includes all of the required courses for admission to specific programs and/or schools is critical. Whereas universities will be looking primarily to Grade 12 courses to determine if admission requirements are met, those Grade 12 courses can have Grade 11 pre-requisites, such as in math and the sciences. Thus, it is worthwhile to also review the Grade 12 section of this website to understand the considerations involved in making those program selections.

In the end, the goal is to ensure that the Grade 11 academic courses selected maximize a student’s chances for success. As the best measure of potential success in Grade 12 is a student’s record in Grade 11, it is critical that students going into Grade 11 are given the best opportunity to succeed and meet their academic potential.

Whether you are a Returning or New Grade 11 student, it might be useful to review the presentation that Mr. Rodrigues, Director of University Counselling, gave to Grade 10 students earlier in the winter term when he covered the Course Selection process and the important considerations involved, including the Indigenous-Focused Graduation Requirement and how to fulfill that. Here is the link to the Grade 10 Course Selection Presentation Slides.

Frequently Asked Questions >

Required Courses

Brentwood's expectation is that students in Grade 11 will take SIX (6) academic courses. The courses taken in Grade 11 are a mix of electives and those required to satisfy graduation requirement for secondary school students in British Columbia.

As part of the British Columbia graduation requirements, Brentwood students in Grade 11 are required to take:

  • A Grade 11 Language Arts course

  • A Grade 11 or 12 Mathematics course

  • A Grade 11 or 12 Science course

  • A Senior Social Studies course (although this can be completed in Grade 12)

  • In March 2022, the British Columbia Ministry of Education announced a new Indigenous Studies graduation requirement. Students will have different ways to complete this requirement.

The other courses that students take as electives depend primarily on post-secondary requirements, and thus course selections must be made with post-secondary plans and admission requirements in mind.

We recognize that some students may struggle with the transition into Brentwood's Grade 11 from Grade 10, so it is possible for a Grade 11 student to elect to take five academic courses instead with the sixth being a scheduled block in the Library Learning Commons. Students will need to discuss this when they review their course selections with University Counselling.

Elective Courses

Detailed information about courses from the teachers who know them best is offered below. It is advised that you spend some time reviewing that information before considering your choices.

While there are some Grade 12 elective courses here, not ALL of them are listed below. The ones listed are electives that we make accessible to Grade 11 students while the others tend to be for Grade 12 students only. If a Grade 11 student is keen on one of the elective courses normally reserved for Grade 12 students, they will have to make their case about accessing those electives when they discuss their Course Selections with University Counselling after spring break.

Grade 11 Course Information

Below you will find information about the courses offered at Brentwood at the Grade 11 level.

When it comes to Senior Social Studies courses, note: Brentwood does not offer Social Studies 11. Grade 11 students enrol in one of our Grade 12 level Social Studies courses, and those are listed below.

Interested in other Grade 12 Courses?

  • If you are advanced in a subject and are looking to take the Grade 12 level course in that subject, or

  • If you are simply curious about taking an elective course that is normally offered to Grade 12 students.

Grade 12 Information >

English Options

Math Options

Science Options

Social Studies Options

Language Options

Elective Options

Frequently Asked Questions


Grade 11 students are expected to take SIX academic courses in the academic morning timetable.

We recognize that some students may struggle with the transition into Brentwood's Grade 11 from Grade 10, so it is possible for a Grade 11 student to elect to take five academic courses instead with the sixth being a scheduled block in the Library Learning Commons. Students will need to discuss this when they review their course selections with University Counselling.


The courses that are required within Grade 11 program are:

  • a Language Arts 11,

  • a Grade 11 or 12 Mathematics course,

  • a Grade 11 or 12 Science course,

  • and a senior Social Studies course.

These are required for graduation here in British Columbia. The courses that Brentwood offers to Grade 11 students that satisfy these general requirements are made clear on the Grade 11 Courses page.

When it comes to the senior Social Studies course, as we do not offer Social Studies 11 and the senior Social Studies courses are taken by a mix of Grade 11 and 12 students, a Grade 11 student can delay taking one until Grade 12. This might be an option worth exercising if students are finding it difficult to fit in all of the courses they want to take in Grade 11.

A course that fulfills the new Indigenous Studies graduation requirement also needs to be taken in either Grade 11 or 12. Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12 fulfills this requirement while simultaneously fulfilling the senior Social Studies requirement. Student may plan, instead, to take English First Peoples 12 in Grade 12 to fulfill their Indigenous Studies graduation requirement and their required Language Arts 12 course.


The courses that satisfy the Ministry of Education's requirement as "Senior Social Studies" that Brentwood offers include:

  • 20th Century World History 12

  • AP Art History 12

  • AP Comparative Government & Politics 12

  • AP United States History 12

  • AP World History 12

  • Comparative Cultures 12

  • Contemporary Indigenous Studies 12

  • Economics 12

  • Human Geography 12

  • Law Studies 12

  • Philosophy, Politics & Economics 12

  • Physical Geography 12

  • Political Studies 12

  • Social Justice 12

The following courses that are offered by the Social Studies department do NOT satisfy the Ministry of Education's requirement of a Senior Social Studies:

  • Entrepreneurship 12

  • Financial Accounting 12

  • AP Macroeconomics 12

  • AP Microeconomics 12

  • AP Psychology 12

  • AP Research 12

  • AP Seminar 11

Again, when it comes to the senior Social Studies course, as we do not offer Social Studies 11 and the senior Social Studies courses are taken by a mix of Grade 11 and 12 students, a Grade 11 student can delay taking one to Grade 12. This might be an option worth exercising if students are finding it difficult to fit in all of the courses they want to take in Grade 11.


A Language 11 is not required for graduation from a high school in British Columbia; however, Brentwood believes strongly that students should study a second language as part of their secondary education. So even when students have limited or no second-language background, Brentwood offers beginner's level courses in French, Mandarin, and Spanish.

Perhaps more importantly, completing a Language 11 course is an admission requirement at specific universities in British Columbia:

  • University of British Columbia requires all applicants to have a Language 11. This only applied to their Vancouver campus.

  • Simon Fraser University requires British Columbia high school applicants to have a Language 11, although a beginner's level Language 11 credit is acceptable.

  • Most universities in the United States recommends that applicants have completed three years (Grades 9-11) of a second language, and sometimes even four years.

Notes about these Language 11 requirements:

  • If English is your second language, then you are already covered, as long as we are able to grant course credit for your first language.

  • Universities typically grant waivers of the Language 11 requirements for students who qualify:

    • Students who are exempt from second-language acquisition for reasons outlined in a psycho-educational assessment can request a waiver.

    • Students who enter the British Columbia school system in Grade 10 or later are eligible for a waiver from the requirement at UBC and SFU.


Pre-Calculus 11 or Foundations of Mathematics 12…? It depends on your post-secondary plans. One course it is not necessarily easier than the other, but they do have different approaches and different purposes.

  • If you think you will want to study anything related to Science, Engineering or Commerce, Pre-Calculus 11 is a must because you will need Pre-Calculus 12 in Grade 12 in order to do Calculus for these fields.

  • If you plan on studying something that will not require university-level Calculus, such as Arts, Humanities, or Social Sciences, then Foundations of Mathematics 12 might be the better option.

UBC complicates things: they require ALL applicants from BC to have either Pre-Calculus 11 or Foundations of Mathematics 12. That is why we offer the Grade 12 level of the course instead of 11 because those students who take it are typically not looking to do two more years of math after they finish Grade 10 math.

For students who take Foundations of Mathematics 12 in Grade 11, it usually the last math course they take. It is NOT possible to go from Foundations of Mathematics 12 to Pre-Calculus 12 in Grade 12; Pre-Calculus 11 is pre-requisite for Pre-Calculus 12 and Foundations of Mathematics 12 is NOT equivalent to Pre-Calculus 11.

If this makes you think, "I should take Pre-Calculus 11 to keep my options open," we advise considerable caution! Do NOT take Pre-Calculus 11 if you cannot get a B (73%) in Math 10.


Take what you enjoy; if you enjoy a subject, you will very likely do well in it.

Some people might advise you to “keep your options open." That is NOT always the best advice. You need to ensure that the options you keep open are practical ones for you. For example, taking Pre-Calculus 11 when you can only manage a C in Math 10 is a terrible idea!


Generally speaking, programs that have very specific admission requirements are in the Sciences, Engineering, and Commerce. They always require English Studies 12, plus...

  • Life/Health/Medical Science programs typically require students to have as many Grade 11 and Grade 12 Science course as possible, but normally focus on biology and chemistry. They also require Pre-Calculus 12 and very often Calculus 12.

  • Physical Science programs typically require students to have as many Grade 11 and Grade 12 Science course as possible, but normally focus on chemistry and physics. They also require Pre-Calculus 12 and very often Calculus 12.

  • Engineering programs requires Physics 12, Chemistry 12, Pre-Calculus 12 and Calculus 12.

  • Commerce programs requires Pre-Calculus 12 and often Calculus 12.

The only specific requirement for a Bachelor of Arts degree is English Studies 12. So, essentially, “keeping your options open" means keeping options open THAT REQUIRE HIGH LEVEL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS COURSES. Ask yourself the question: do you really love science and math... especially the really hard courses in science and math?

You must be cautious of this approach, though: you do not want to keep options open that are not practical for you.


There are no universities that generally require a Language 12 credit for admission.

Some Bachelor of Arts degree programs, like that at UBC, include a second language requirement. At UBC, that requirement can be satisfied with a Language 12 credit!


AP stands for Advanced Placement. AP Courses are those administered by the CollegeBoard and are supposed to be equivalent to first-year university courses. Success is measured by exams that are taken in May. Rather than percent marks, the exams are graded on a five-point scale: 5 being the best and 1 the worst. A score of 4 or 5 may get you credit for the equivalent first year university course at most schools in North America. Often at very selective schools in the UK and elsewhere in the world, AP exam results would be required to be eligible for admission.

In all AP courses where there is an exam, taking the AP exam is mandatory.

The majority of AP courses are offered to Grade 12 students, but keen and talented Grade 11 students may be allowed to enrol.

There are a set of courses focused on Grade 11 students: AP Biology 11, AP Chemistry 11, AP English 11, AP Physics 11, and AP Seminar 11. Only in AP English 11, AP Physics 11, and AP Seminar 11 are AP exams written in May. The other two courses can be thought of as "Pre-AP" courses in that they must be taken to enrol in AP Biology 12 and AP Chemistry 12 in which AP exams are written in May. In the case of these Grade 11 AP courses, students who complete courses gain the following British Columbia Ministry of Education credits:

  • Life Science 11 (LFSC 11) for students in AP Biology 11;

  • Chemistry 11 (CH 11) for students in AP Chemistry 11;

  • AP Physics 1 Honours 11 (APPHH 11) for students in AP Physics 11;

  • AP Capstone Seminar 11 (APCS 11) for students in AP Seminar 11;

  • Literary Studies 11 (LTST 11) PLUS AP English Language & Composition 12 (APEN 12) for students in AP English 11.

Reasons to take an AP course:

  • You are genuinely interested in deeper study of the subject.

  • You are seeking more rigour in the subject.

  • You may need the AP course to satisfy certain university admission requirements.

  • Success on the AP exam may allow you to gain university course credit.

There is a myth out there that says that if you are applying to universities in the US, you need APs. You need to challenge yourself to a reasonable degree, and a way to do that is with AP courses. They are not, however, required.

The other side of that myth is that if you are applying to universities in Canada, you do not need APs. There are Canadian universities that favour applicants taking AP courses for admission and scholarship purposes. Regardless, if you are deeply interested in the subject, an AP course will likely give you a much richer experience and better preparation for further study in that subject.

When it comes to AP courses, the School approaches them with this mindset: students should not feel like they are being penalized for taking an AP course over a regular course.


Probably the best person to ask would be your teacher in the Grade 10 version of the subject you are considering. For example, ask your Science 10 teacher if you are considering the AP versions in biology, chemistry, and/or physics. You can also ask your Advisor.



After you select during the winter midterm, you will have until spring break to go into the Course Registration Form and change your selections. After spring break and through the spring term, you will need to connect with University Counselling to make changes.

New Students, you do this by contacting Mr. Rodrigues. He will be reaching out to you after you make your initial selections.

Returning Students, you will need to review and discuss your course selection in University Counselling regardless, but see one of the University Counsellors again to make a change if, after reflecting on things, you believe it is warranted.


We build the Academic Timetable early in the summer based on your selections, so changes are best made before the summer.

Returning Students, when you receive your final Report Card of the year, there will be the opportunity to contact University Counselling with any changes that you need to make based on final results and/or recommendation made by them.

Inevitably, there are students who want or need to make changes to their courses in September. You can make changes, as long as the planned change works in your timetable and there is room available in the intended courses.

We require that you make any changes by Thanksgiving of the fall term.


No. Numbers of credits is not a problem for Brentwood students who attend for at least two years. For other students, records are reviewed thoroughly to identify any specific missing credits.


Yes, it is possible for a student to complete a course over the summer before Grade 11 via Distance Learning, if students feel that it would be in their best interest.

There are definitely advantages to being able to take a course by Distance Learning, particularly if students are interested in taking more courses than are possible in the Brentwood academic timetable. At the same time, there are instances in which a Distance Learning course would not be advised.

Courses completed by Distance Learning tend to do a poor job at preparing students for further study in that subject, thus we DO NOT recommend taking a course by Distance Learning in a subject in which you intend to further courses. For example, we do NOT recommend students take a math course by Distance Learning if they want to take further math. We recommend that you consider a Distance Learning course in a terminal subject, in other words, in a subject where you will not be pursuing further studies.

Generally speaking, we DO NOT recommend that students take a course by Distance Learning, particularly if the course is offered at Brentwood. Taking a course by Distance Learning would require careful discussion with the University Counselling team and, potentially, the approval of the Deputy Head, Academics.


It is not unusual for students at your age to be uncertain about what they want to study. (In the US, for example, nearly 75% of students change their Major area of focus over the course of their undergraduate degree.)

The key for those who are uncertain at this time is to consider your interests and abilities. What are the courses that I enjoy? What are the courses that I do well in? Normally the answers are the same for both questions, so the selection of courses is typically straightforward.

But remember, for Grade 11 you are only selecting a small number of elective courses, so the choices you have to make are not too complex. And if you think you get it wrong in Grade 11, there is still time in Grade 12 to re-focus your course planning.


Check the Admission Requirements pages of university websites. If the information is unclear to you, then ask one fo the University Counsellors as they are experts on that question!

You can also use the great tools that available through your MyBlueprint account.


This depends on the university and the program. Some generalizations are that Entrepreneurship 12 and Financial Accounting 12 typically do not count as they are not considered to be Academic courses (foolishly, we believe) at schools such as University of Victoria.

There are many cases, however, when all courses that you take, including fine arts courses, are considered or can be used to satisfy admission requirements. It is best to get clarity on this by talking to one of the University Counsellors.

US universities will look at ALL of your courses from Grade 9 to Grade 12.

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